Our teeth, gums and the jawbone are designed to function harmoniously. The chewing efficiency is high when teeth are in right positions. When the teeth are crowded or when the bite is improper, the teeth and gums are at higher risk of infection. Orthodontics is the branch of dental medicine and a orthodontist is specialist in orthodontic treatments which is dedicated to the study of the position of teeth, the bite and how it can affect oral health. Orthodontists are concerned about moving teeth or performing surgeries to improve the bite.
Ortho, is a Greek word which means correct or straight and dontics is the word that refers to teeth. It is a specialization in the field of dental medicine. Orthodontic treatment is concerned with the teeth alignment and bite. The treatment aims to move teeth such that the bite is correct. Dental braces are the most widely recommended devices for this purpose. Dental professionals set a treatment plan to move the teeth by continuous application of pressure.
Moving misaligned teeth requires a well-set treatment plan, a device which brings about the planned movement, and a device which keeps the teeth in their new positions. The first step is a thorough evaluation of the condition. Dentists recommend a treatment mode after the examination.
During the initial dental visit, our dentist checks teeth and gums. X-rays and impressions may be taken during the process. The impressions help our dentist understand the positions of teeth and the movement required to improve the alignment. A treatment plan is set and explained to patients.
Dental braces are devices which comprise brackets and wires. The wires run through the brackets and they are in tension mode. The device is designed to apply pressure over teeth and bring about the desired movement. Patients have to visit the dental office periodically to get the wires tightened after each phase of treatment.
This is one of the common questions asked by patients. Though the patients do not feel pain when fixing the braces over teeth, some discomfort and pain can be experienced during the first few days. This is due to the pressure applied by the wires over teeth, in order to move them. Once the teeth start to move, the discomfort reduces. Slight discomfort can be experienced every time the wires are tightened by the dentist.
Orthodontists generally recommend that a child visit a dental office to check the bite by the time he/she is 6-10 years of age. This is the age when the permanent teeth start to erupt. Any problems with alignment can be noted and treatment planning can begin at an early stage. There are a number of different types of dental braces available for treating orthodontic problems in children. Treating the orthodontic problem at an early stage can relieve children from the embarrassment of having an uninteresting smile as they grow up to become teens.
Dental braces can be recommended for straightening teeth in adults, depending on the status of oral health and jawbone. The braces move teeth gradually through an application of pressure. The supporting bone health may considerably influence the treatment and results. Dentists can perform a thorough oral check and, let patients know if braces can straighten their teeth.
A dental retainer is an appliance that is used to ensure that the teeth do not move from their positions. The appliance is recommended by dentists after an orthodontic treatment. The retainers help in holding the teeth in their new positions after treatment with braces. Patients may have to wear retainers for a few months after the treatment.
Improperly positioned teeth can cause a number of problems. Cross-bites, open bites, and crowding may create other problems which are more dangerous and require attention.
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